Eating healthy foods helps maintain blood sugar levels within the normal range, which is an essential part of diabetes management. As controlling blood sugar levels reduces the risk of complications associated with diabetes, a nutritionist can help create a plan to eat healthy foods that are appropriate for each case; Some things have to be taken into consideration: Including the weight of the diabetic, the medications he uses, the lifestyle, and other health problems, if any.
There are other primary goals for diabetic food: From which we mention the following:
Avoid foods high in sugar.
Reducing portion size, and distributing meals throughout the day.
Pay attention to when you eat foods that contain carbohydrates, in addition to monitoring the amounts consumed.
Eat wholegrain foods, fruits, and vegetables daily while being varied.
Reducing fat intake.
Reduce the use of table salt.
It is not necessary to eat specific types of foods for diabetics, as they can enjoy eating different foods but in smaller quantities or eat them at intervals, and the health care team can help to develop a food plan suitable for the needs and desires of diabetics, as the goal is when eating foods from The acceptance of diabetics is to diversify the consumption of healthy foods from all food groups, but in the quantities specified in the meal plan, and the following is an explanation:
Vegetables: which are divided into two parts:
Non-starchy vegetables; Which includes: carrots, peppers, green leafy vegetables, broccoli,
Tomatoes, and other non-starchy vegetables
Starchy vegetables; These include: corn, potatoes, and green peas which should be included in the carbohydrate ration.
Fruits: such as; Oranges, bananas, apples, grapes, raspberries, and melons.
Grains: Like whole grains, it is recommended to eat at least half of the grains. Such as rice, wheat, oats, barley, quinoa, and cornmeal. Other examples of cereal foods are bread, pasta, tortilla bread, and breakfast cereals.
Protein sources: including the following: a
For low-fat meats.
Chicken or turkey without the skin.
Nuts, and peanuts.
Dry legumes, such as; Chickpeas, and some types of peas.
Meat substitutes; Like tofu.
Dairy products: It is recommended to use fat-free or low-fat types, of which we mention the following: Milk, or milk without lactose sugar if you suffer from lactose intolerance syndrome.
Sources of healthy fats: which include the following: oils that are liquid at room temperature; Examples: olive oil, canola oil.
Seeds and nuts.
Fish that are good for heart health; Examples: salmon, tuna, and mackerel.
Use oils instead of margarine, cream, butter, and margarine or hydrogenated margarine.
After identifying the different food groups, it is imperative to know the appropriate nutritional quantities that must be eaten for each food group, and it is worth noting the need to pay attention to the difference in the meal plan or diet from one patient to another, as the plan can include the favorite foods for each person, which are commensurate with A meal plan, and many good meal plans include monitoring the foods eaten, and among the most popular methods for diabetics are: the method of calculating calories to regulate weight, and the method of calculating carbohydrates to control blood sugar levels, and the most appropriate method is determined between them in consultation Healthcare professional according to the needs of each patient.
The following table shows the distribution of the carbohydrate group, which includes 4 food groups; They are vegetables, fruits, milk, and starches, in addition to the two groups of fat and protein for different calories.